Sachsen-Königreich Hausorden der Rautenkrone - Bruststern zum Ordenskreuz, persönliches Exemplar König Johanns von Sachsen (reg. 1854 - 1873)

Silber, das Medaillon Gold und Emaille. An Nadel (Gegenhaken abgebrochen). Reversmedaillon mit eingeschlagenem Herstellerzeichen: "HOSSAUER BERLIN 15 LÖTH:"

Auf der Rückseite Trägergravur:

"JOHANN KOENIG v. SACHSEN 1858"

Prachtexemplar in allerfeinster Juweliersqualität des "Primus inter Pares" der preußischen Ordensjuweliere.

Johann König von Sachsen, (* 12. Dezember 1801 in Dresden; † 29. Oktober 1873 in Pillnitz) regierte nach dem Tod seines Bruders Friedrich August II. ab 1854 als König Johann das Königreich Sachsen.

Johann wurde als sechstes von sieben Kindern des Prinzen Maximilian von Sachsen und dessen erster Frau Caroline von Bourbon-Parma (1770–1804) geboren. Sein Vater war der jüngste Sohn des 1763 verstorbenen sächsischen Kurfürsten Friedrich Christian. Seine Mutter Caroline, geborene Prinzessin von Parma, war eine Enkelin der Kaiserin Maria Theresia. Schon bald durchlief Johann eine Ausbildung in der Verwaltung des Königreichs und übernahm wichtige Aufgaben u. a. im Finanzkollegium. Nach Verabschiedung der Verfassung von 1831 war Prinz Johann geborenes Mitglied der I. Kammer des sächsischen Landtags und beteiligte sich aktiv an dessen Verhandlungen. Während seines Besuches in Leipzig im August 1845 kam es zu Unruhen, da die Bevölkerung gegen ihn demonstrierte und das Militär das Feuer auf die Demonstranten eröffnete (Leipziger Gemetzel).

Nachdem Johann durch den Unfalltod seines älteren kinderlosen Bruders 1854 überraschend auf den Thron gekommen war, übernahm er den ihm verfassungsgemäß zustehenden Vorsitz im Gesamtministerium. Er überblickte dank seiner langjährigen Erfahrung alle Bereiche der Verwaltung und bildete sich stets ein eigenes Urteil. Faktisch war er somit sein eigener Ministerpräsident. Ihm gegenüber gewannen allenfalls die Minister Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust und Johann Paul von Falkenstein ein eigenes Gewicht. Die Justizreform von 1855, die Erweiterung des Eisenbahnnetzes, die Einführung der Gewerbefreiheit sind hauptsächlich seiner Anregung und Förderung zu verdanken. Unter ihm wandelte sich Sachsen zu einem der modernsten deutschen Teilstaaten. Überdies kam es zum Abschluss eines Handelsvertrags mit Frankreich (1862) und zur Anerkennung des neu entstandenen Königreichs Italien. Unter dem Einfluss seines Ministers Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust setzte er sich für die Großdeutsche Lösung der Reichseinigung (unter Einschluss Österreichs) ein. Das Königreich Sachsen kämpfte deshalb 1866 im Deutschen Krieg an der Seite Österreichs. Als nach der Niederlage von Königgrätz der preußische Ministerpräsident Otto von Bismarck bei König Wilhelm I. den Erhalt Sachsens als eigenständigem Staat durchsetzte, trat Sachsen schließlich dem Norddeutschen Bund und 1871 dem Deutschen Kaiserreich unter der Hegemonie des Königreichs Preußen bei. Bei der Kaiserproklamation in Versailles am 18. Januar 1871 ließ er sich dann aber von seinem Sohn, Prinz Georg, vertreten.

Besondere Förderung ließ er dem Schul- und Hochschulwesen angedeihen. Die Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften wurde von ihm gefördert, der Königlich Sächsische Verein zur Erforschung und Erhaltung vaterländischer Altertümer 1824 und die Zeitschrift Neues Archiv für Sächsische Geschichte 1863 gegründet.

Johann starb im Jahr 1873 und wurde in der Wettiner-Gruft der Katholischen Hofkirche in Dresden beigesetzt.

Als persönliches Exemplar eines regierenden Monarchen einmaliges historisches Liebhaberstück von größter Seltenheit und Bedeutung für die sächsischen Orden und Auszeichnungen.

Dieses Stück ist in dem Standardwerk von Dieter Weber, Paul Arnold und Peter Keil Die Orden des Königreichs Sachsen, S. 58 abgebildet und beschrieben. Ebenso Karsten Klingbeil/Andreas Thies: Orden 1700 - 2000, Bd. II, S. 166 - 167, Nr. 2229.


Breast Star of the Order of the Rue Crown, Personal Example of King Johann of Saxony (reigned 1854 - 1873).  

Silver medallion features gold and enamel craftsmanship with broken catch to reverse. Reverse medallion features stamped maker mark: "HOSSAUER BERLIN 15 LÖTH:" and recipients name:  "JOHANN KOENIG v. SACHSEN 1858". 

Magnificent quality in the finest jeweler quality of "Primus inter Pares", the Prussian Jeweler for Orders. 

Johann König von Sachsen (12 December 1801 in Dresden-29 October 1873 in Pillnitz) ruled the kingdom of Saxony from 1854 as King Johann after the death of his brother Friedrich August II. 

Johann was the sixth of seven children of Prince Maximilian of Saxony and his first wife Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804). His father was the youngest son of the Saxon elector Friedrich Christian, who died in 1763. His mother Caroline, born the Princess of Parma was a granddaughter of the Empress Maria Theresa. Johann soon underwent an education in the administration of the Kingdom and took on important tasks, among others in the financial college. After the adoption of the Constitution of 1831, Prince Johann was born a member of the 1st Chamber of the Saxon Parliament and took an active part in its negotiations. During his visit to Leipzig in August 1845, there were riots, as the population demonstrated against him and the military opened fire on the demonstrators (Leipzig carnage).
 

After Johann had unexpectedly come to the throne in 1854 due to the accidental death of his older childless brother, he took over the chairmanship of the overall Ministry, which was constitutionally his right. Thanks to his many years of experience, he assessed all areas of administration and always formed his own judgment. In fact, he was his own Prime Minister. At best, the ministers Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust and Johann Paul von Falkenstein gained importance along with him. The judicial reform of 1855, the extension of the railway network, the introduction of freedom of trade are mainly due to his recommendations and promotion. Under him, Saxony became one of the most modern German States. In addition, a commercial treaty was concluded with France (1862) and the newly created Kingdom of Italy was recognized. Under the influence of his Minister Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust, he advocated the greater German solution to the unification (under inclusion of Austria). The kingdom of Saxony therefore fought alongside Austria in the German war of 1866. When, after the defeat of Königgrätz, the Prussian Prime Minister, Otto von Bismarck, king Wilhelm I. accepted Saxony as an independent state and the Northern German Confederation. Finally, in 1871 the German Empire under the hegemony of the Kingdom of Prussia. At the Imperial proclamation in Versailles on 18 January 1871, he was represented by his son, Prince George.

He gave special support to the schools and the higher education system. He sponsored the Saxon Academy of Sciences, founded the Royal Saxon society for the study and preservation of patriotic antiquities in 1824 and the journal New Archive für Saxon History in 1863.

Johann died in 1873, and was buried in the Wettin mausoleum of the Catholic Hofkirche in Dresden.

A personal example from a reigning monarch and an historical collector's item of the greatest rarity and importance for Saxon orders and awards.

This piece is illustrated in the most important reference works on Saxon Orders by  Dieter Weber, Paul Arnold und Peter Keil Die Orden des Königreichs Sachsen, S. 58 and also in  Karsten Klingbeil/Andreas Thies: Orden 1700 - 2000, Volume II, S. 166 - 167, Nr. 2229.




Breast Star of the Order of the Cross, Personal Example of King Johanns of Saxony (reign 1854 - 1873).  

Silver medallion features gold and enamel craftsmanship with broken catch to reverse. Reverse medallion features stamped maker mark: "HOSSAUER BERLIN 15 LÖTH:" and recipients name:  "JOHANN KOENIG v. SACHSEN 1858". 

Magnificent quality in the finest jeweler quality of "Primus inter Pares", the Prussian Jeweler for Orders. 

Johann König von Sachsen (12 December 1801 in Dresden-29 October 1873 in Pillnitz) ruled the kingdom of Saxony from 1854 as King Johann after the death of his brother Friedrich August II. 

Johann was the sixth of seven children of Prince Maximilian of Saxony and his first wife Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804). His father was the youngest son of the Saxon elector Friedrich Christian, who died in 1763. His mother Caroline, born the Princess of Parma was a granddaughter of the Empress Maria Theresa. Johann soon underwent an education in the administration of the Kingdom and took on important tasks, among others in the financial college. After the adoption of the Constitution of 1831, Prince Johann was born a member of the 1st Chamber of the Saxon Parliament and took an active part in its negotiations. During his visit to Leipzig in August 1845, there were riots, as the population demonstrated against him and the military opened fire on the demonstrators (Leipzig carnage).
 

After Johann had unexpectedly come to the throne in 1854 due to the accidental death of his older childless brother, he took over the chairmanship of the overall Ministry, which was constitutionally his right. Thanks to his many years of experience, he assessed all areas of administration and always formed his own judgment. In fact, he was his own Prime Minister. At best, the ministers Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust and Johann Paul von Falkenstein gained importance along with him. The judicial reform of 1855, the extension of the railway network, the introduction of freedom of trade are mainly due to his recommendations and promotion. Under him, Saxony became one of the most modern German States. In addition, a commercial treaty was concluded with France (1862) and the newly created Kingdom of Italy was recognized. Under the influence of his Minister Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust, he advocated the greater German solution to the unification (under inclusion of Austria). The kingdom of Saxony therefore fought alongside Austria in the German war of 1866. When, after the defeat of Königgrätz, the Prussian Prime Minister, Otto von Bismarck, king Wilhelm I. accepted Saxony as an independent state and the Northern German Confederation. Finally, in 1871 the German Empire under the hegemony of the Kingdom of Prussia. At the Imperial proclamation in Versailles on 18 January 1871, he was represented by his son, Prince George.

He gave special support to the schools and the higher education system. He sponsored the Saxon Academy of Sciences, founded the Royal Saxon society for the study and preservation of patriotic antiquities in 1824 and the journal New Archive für Saxon History in 1863.

Johann died in 1873, and was buried in the Wettin mausoleum of the Catholic Hofkirche in Dresden.

A personal example from a reigning monarch and an historical collector's item of the greatest rarity and importance for Saxon orders and awards.

Losnummer: 56
7500*
Sachsen-Königreich  Hausorden der Rautenkrone - Bruststern zum Ordenskreuz, persönliches Exemplar König Johanns von Sachsen (reg. 1854 - 1873)
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